The Department of Education have recently reinforced the need “to create and enforce a clear and rigorous expectation on all schools to promote the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs.” The Government set out its definition of British values in the 2011 Prevent Strategy, and these values have been reiterated by the Prime Minister. At Nidderdale High School, these values are reinforced regularly and in the following ways:
Students are actively encouraged to have a voice and share their views and opinions regularly. All students are expected to take an active role in the various Student Voice opportunities that arise. Head boys/girls, and senior students meet regularly to discuss whole school issues. Each form has a ‘link student’ attached to their form to assist in the delivery of Issue Focuses and generate interest in the current issue with a view to ‘recruiting’ individuals to come to the next Student Voice session and get involved. Students have been involved in the creation of policies and the Chair of Governors has been part of Student Voice sessions. All students also complete an annual questionnaire which provides them with the opportunity to share their views of their time in school and suggest ways in which the school could be improved further. Governors talk regularly to students to establish their views as a way of ensuring that school self-evaluation is robust and accurate, and therefore effective in moving the school forward.
The Rule of Law
The importance of laws, whether they be those that govern the class, the school, or the country, are consistently reinforced throughout the school day, as well as when dealing with misconduct and through school assemblies. Children are taught the value and reasons behind laws, that they govern and protect us, the responsibilities that this involves and the consequences when laws are broken. Our schools rules, which are displayed around school and in the code of conduct in planners, are referred to regularly and consistently upheld, a practical example of this. Visits from authorities such as the Police help reinforce this message. In RE lessons, the difference between religious law and the law of the country are discussed. Senior students are involved in the Youth Voice Summit, which explores British Values, democracy and law.
Within school, students are actively encouraged to make decisions and choices, knowing that they are in a safe and supportive environment. As a school we educate and provide boundaries for students to take risks and make choices safely. Students are encouraged to know, understand and exercise their rights and personal freedoms and advised how to exercise these safely, for example through E-Safety and PSHE lessons. Participation in one of our many extra-curricular clubs and enrichment opportunities also gives students the freedom to make choices and decisions.
As our school motto, “Achievement for All”, indicates, mutual respect is at the heart of our values. Students learn that their behaviour has an effect on their own rights and those of others. There is an expectation that all members of the school community treat each other with respect.
Tolerance of Those of Different Faiths and Beliefs
Nidderdale High School is situated in an area which is not very culturally diverse, therefore it is important we explore diversity with the students; our aim is not to be simply tolerant, but to celebrate diversity and the richness it brings to society. We have a minority of students from faiths other than Christianity, and through our SMSC provision, we ensure these students are equal members of the school community.
We will actively challenge children, staff or parents expressing opinions contrary to fundamental British Values, including those expressing extremist and radical views.
PREVENTING RADICALISATION AND EXTREMISM
Radicalisation is defined as the act or process of making a person more radical or favouring of extreme or fundamental changes in political, economic or social conditions, institutions or habits of the mind.
Extremism is defined as the holding of extreme political or religious views.
The Governing Body of Nidderdale High School has a zero tolerance approach to extremist behaviour for all school community members. We rely on our strong values and ethos to steer our work and ensure the pastoral care of our students protects them from exposure to negative influences. Nidderdale High School is fully committed to safeguarding and promoting the welfare of all its students. As a school we recognise that safeguarding against radicalisation is no different from safeguarding against any other vulnerability. All staff are expected to uphold and promote the fundamental principles of British values, including democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty and mutual respect, and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs.
- Students are encouraged to adopt out motto “Achievement for All”. This complements the key “British Values” of tolerance, respect, understanding, compassion and harmonious living.
- Students are helped to understand the importance of democracy and freedom of speech, through Issue Focuses and PSHCE.
- Students are taught how to keep themselves safe, in school and when using the internet. The Student Voice notice board is regularly updated with help-lines and advice about where to turn if in need of support.
- Students participate in local community events so that they appreciate and value their neighbours and friends who may not share their background. There is also a strong culture of working closely with members of other faith communities within RE.
- Student’s wellbeing, confidence and resilience are promoted through our planned curriculum and extra-curricular learning opportunities.
- Students are supported in making good choices so they understand the impact and consequences of their actions on others.
THE ROLE OF THE CURRICULUM
Our curriculum promotes respect, tolerance and diversity. Students are encouraged to express themselves through discussions, debates and consultations. The RE (Religious Education), PSHE (Personal, Social and Health Education), Citizenship and SMSC (Spiritual, Moral, Social and Cultural) provision is embedded across the curriculum, and underpins the ethos of our school. Students learn about major faiths and visit places of worship wherever possible.
Although serious incidents involving radicalisation have not occurred Nidderdale High School to date, it is important for us to be constantly vigilant and remain fully informed about the issues which affect the region in which we teach. Staff are reminded to refer any concerns through the Child Protection/ Safeguarding Lead Teachers.
From the DfE "Promoting fundamental British values as part of SMSC in schools" (Nov 2014)
Schools should promote the fundamental British values of democracy, the rule of law, individual liberty, and mutual respect and tolerance of those with different faiths and beliefs. This can help schools to demonstrate how they are meeting the requirements of section 78 of the Education Act 2002, in their provision of SMSC.
Actively promoting the values means challenging opinions or behaviours in school that are contrary to fundamental British values. Attempts to promote systems that undermine fundamental British values would be completely at odds with schools’ duty to provide SMSC. The Teachers’ Standards expect teachers to uphold public trust in the profession and maintain high standards of ethics and behaviour, within and outside school. This includes not undermining fundamental British values.
Through their provision of SMSC, schools should:
• enable students to develop their self-knowledge, self-esteem and self-confidence;
• enable students to distinguish right from wrong and to respect the civil and criminal law of England;
• encourage students to accept responsibility for their behaviour, show initiative, and to understand how they can contribute positively to the lives of those living and working in the locality of the school and to society more widely;
• enable students to acquire a broad general knowledge of and respect for public institutions and services in England;
• further tolerance and harmony between different cultural traditions by enabling students to acquire an appreciation of and respect for their own and other cultures;
• encourage respect for other people; and
• encourage respect for democracy and support for participation in the democratic processes, including respect for the basis on which the law is made and applied in England.
The list below describes the understanding and knowledge expected of pupils as a result of schools promoting fundamental British values.
• an understanding of how citizens can influence decision-making through the democratic process;
• an appreciation that living under the rule of law protects individual citizens and is essential for their wellbeing and safety;
an understanding that there is a separation of power between the executive and the judiciary, and that while some public bodies such as the police and the army can be held to account through Parliament, others such as the courts maintain independence;
• an understanding that the freedom to choose and hold other faiths and beliefs is protected in law;
• an acceptance that other people having different faiths or beliefs to oneself (or having none) should be accepted and tolerated, and should not be the cause of prejudicial or discriminatory behaviour; and
• an understanding of the importance of identifying and combatting discrimination.